By Nigel Thomas
This 3rd quantity of a mini-series protecting the German forces in global warfare I examines the troops that fought throughout the climax of the battle on all fronts: the final nice battles of attrition within the West (Arras, Messines, third Ypres - Passchendaele/Langemarck - and Cambrai, 1917) and the cave in of Russia within the East. The 'Kaiserschlacht' crusade is roofed, as are the German operations in Italy, the Balkans, and in help of Turkey within the center East. Uniform alterations in this interval mirrored the advent of recent strategies and guns and new different types of troops, comparable to tanks and attack battalions.
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Additional resources for The German Army in World War I: 1917-18
134 He added nothing more, but this was clearly a criticism of the public utterances of Ramsay, who was notable as probably the most hostile academic towards his German counterparts. An exception to this trend was an article published anonymously in the Aberdeen University Review in June 1915. Entitled ‘The Universities – Intelligentia [sic] and the War,’ it took aim at the way in which university academics were promulgating certain myths about Germany in fighting the intellectual war. The author worried that British universities were becoming ‘homes of reaction’ and concluded that the universities – who could re-make the world once the conflict was over – were undermining their own suitability for this task.
At what cost? 99 Charles Andler was another member of the Comité d’études et documents sur la guerre who made a strong contribution to publications in this period. Andler was a normalien, professor of German studies at the Sorbonne, and native of Alsace-Lorraine. Before arriving at the Sorbonne in 1901, Andler had helped build up German studies at the École Normale Supérieure. 100 Andler had lots to contribute to the polemics and debates raging in 1914 and 1915 but also much to lose. Whilst his specialized learning was on the issues which contemporaries wished to engage with, taking an overly belligerent tone would serve to undermine much of his life’s work.
84 The greatest academic minds of the republic set to work on revealing what they saw as the truth about the war and this rapidly became a large undertaking. A team of translators was required so that the pamphlets could have the greatest global reach. 85 By February the committee had assembled a team of eighteen translators who were working in eight languages. In addition to the creation of academically rigorous pamphlets, Durkheim and Lavisse were responsible for the publication, beginning in 1915, of Les lettres à tous les français.