By Denise Garcia
This booklet examines the emergence of latest overseas norms to manipulate the unfold of small hands, and the level to which those norms were confirmed within the guidelines and practices of states, areas and overseas businesses. It additionally makes an attempt to set up standards for assessing norm emergence, and to evaluate the method of norm improvement by way of evaluating what truly happens at the multilateral point. If norm-making on small fingers and similar multilateral negotiations have commonly handled ‘illicit arms’, and many of the norms tested the following fall at the palms provider part of the palms equation, the writer argues that the construction of overseas norms and the environment of broadly agreed criteria among states on all elements of the call for for, availability, and unfold of either felony and unlawful small fingers and lightweight guns needs to turn into relevant to the multilateral coordination of coverage responses with a view to take on the starting to be violence linked to small fingers availability. Small fingers and safety should be of curiosity to researchers and execs within the fields of peace and clash reports, worldwide governance, foreign protection and disarmament.
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Additional info for Small Arms & Security: New Emerging International Norms (Contemporary Security Studies)
31 Brokers are individuals who operate in the illicit arms market under a mantle of legality that usually takes advantage of ambiguities and loopholes in the laws of several countries regarding the import, export and shipment of weapons. Most states do not have laws to rein in the activities of arms dealers, and yet illicit arms trafﬁcking inﬂames conﬂict and violence worldwide. The case of Rwanda in 1994, a genocide not only perpetrated with machetes, but also with small arms and light weapons, helped to crystallize international awareness regarding the work of international arms trafﬁckers or brokers.
When the cause was called “female circumcision,” it made little progress, largely because it was associated with male circumcision, which is generally considered to be positive. e. 68 As mentioned, the second norm-building stage is usually described as one where the norm ideally must ﬁt into the previously existing normative setting. Thus, the emerging norm must cohere with the environment and norms already in place. As will be demonstrated here, this can only be successfully seen in some instances of norm building and it will be rejected in others (see the last chapter in the book).
The chapter starts with the analysis of changes in the arms-control patterns and in security perceptions after the Cold War. This is followed by a demonstration that the generation of knowledge is a prerequisite for norm building: the role of the “arms trade epistemic community” and that of the UN in these processes is examined here. The last part of Chapter 2 details the formation of a global and regional action and policy framework on small arms, including the formation of a transnational action and policy network on small arms and the formation of a coalition of like-minded states; and, ﬁnally, the chapter outlines the main regional and international legally and politically binding documents on small arms until 2005.