Democratic and Capitalist Transitions in Eastern Europe: by Michel Dobry (auth.), Michel Dobry (eds.)

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By Michel Dobry (auth.), Michel Dobry (eds.)

here ofexchange, and borrowing in debates among those disciplines, all of the extra so, as we will see a bit extra on, because the research of the valuable and East eu alterations has additionally contributed to introduce into political technology and sociology theoretical systematizations first formulated in economics. as well as this beginning as much as the gadgets and theories of economics, the pseudo-"dilemma" ofsimultaneity produced, via one of those suggestions, one other sequence of results on transitology and the similar examine domain names. opposite to such a lot expectancies and predictions within the wake ofthe 1989 upheavals - affirmations that the "dilemmas", "problems" or "challenges" of the transitions in significant and jap Europe should were handled and resolved one by one in series, within the demeanour of the kind of idealized trajectories of serious Britain or Spain (trajectories considerably sufficient promoted, a ways past the circles of students, as a "model" of transition), and notably, opposite to the idea that superposing a thorough monetary transformation upon a transition to democracy could make the complete edifice completely unworkable, volatile or harmful - it needs to be said essentially out that the 2 methods, of their "simultaneity", aren't inevitably incompatible. this can be one of many major findings under pressure upon in different chapters of this book.

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36 The similarity between the rival views of postcommunist market society and those of market society takes one by surprise 13 • We might conclude, that, apparently, transitotogy has little original to contribute to our understanding of social change. At least in terms of theoretical agenda-setting, the "value-added" component of the postcommunism ideology map is modest, especially in the light of the original Hirschmannian tableau. We also should, however, ask the question: what explains the continuity of the major views?

If this comparison in tum happens, it may help to bridge the gap between competing interpretations. But to proceed this way requires two conditions to be met: interest in and empirical knowledge of the features making for contradictions and diversity exist. 1 think one reason why the gap between the rival views of postcommunism has not yet been bridged is that their advocates in a number of cases did not meet either of the two conditions. Frequently, theorists made explicit that instead of diversity and variations they searched for generalisations based on the common systemic features of the postcommunist societies.

There can be no economy. Hence, in a socialist state wherein the pursuit of economic calculation is impossible, there can be - in our sense of the term - no economy whatsoever" (Mises, 1935, p. 105). While in the 1930s these thinkers questioned primarily the feasibility of the socialist and of the collectivist economy in general, they also elaborated on socialism's political consequences: the impossibility of democracy under socialism. This argument was then forcefully developed into an explanation about how collectivism results in fascist and communist totalitarianism in Hayek's 1944 The Road to Serfdom.

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