Ciba Foundation Symposium 114 - Fibrosis

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Chapter 1 advent (pages 1–3): Allen J. Bailey
Chapter 2 The Fibroblast in Morphogenesis and Fibrosis: phone Topography and Surface?Related services (pages 4–19): Robert L. Trelstad and David E. Birk
Chapter three Structural and sensible stories at the Interstitial Collagen Genes (pages 20–33): Benoit De Crombrugghe, Gene Liau, Chiaki Setoyama, Azriel Schmidt, Catherine McKeon and Maria Mudryj
Chapter four Synthesis of Collagen: Chemical law of Post?Translational occasions (pages 34–64): Kari I. Kivirikko and Kari Majamaa
Chapter five The constitution of Collagen (pages 65–79): A. Miller, J. Bradshaw, E. Y. Jones, R. D. B. Fraser, T. P. Macrae and E. Suzuki
Chapter 6 Intermolecular Cross?Linking in Fibrotic Collagen (pages 80–96): A. J. Bailey and N. D. Light
Chapter 7 The Turnover and Degradation of Collagen (pages 97–110): Stephen M. Krane
Chapter eight Fibronectin in Formation and Degradation of the Pericellular Matrix (pages 111–126): Antti Vaheri, Eeva?Marjatta Salonen and Tapio Vartio
Chapter nine cellphone Interactions in Post?Traumatic Fibrosis (pages 127–149): T. okay. Hunt, M. J. Banda and that i. A. Silver
Chapter 10 Chemoattractants in Fibrotic issues (pages 150–163): G. R. Grotendorst, L. Paglia, C. Mcivor, S. Barsky, Y. Martinet and D. Pencev
Chapter eleven HLA institutions in Fibrotic illness (pages 164–174): okay. I. Welsh
Chapter 12 Host Immune elements Regulating Fibrosis (pages 175–195): Sharon M. Wahl
Chapter thirteen Collagen Deposition in Autoimmune ailments: The increasing function of the Fibroblast in Human Fibrotic sickness (pages 196–207): E. Carwile Leroy
Chapter 14 legislation of Fibroblast Proliferation via Kupffer Cells and Monocytes (pages 208–221): Marcos Rojkind and Gerardo Valadez
Chapter 15 Biochemical Pathways resulting in Collagen Deposition in Pulmonary Fibrosis (pages 222–240): Geoffrey J. Laurent
Chapter sixteen precis (pages 241–244): Allen J. Bailey

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Cleavage of the signal peptides is not shown. PunelB shows cleavage of the N-terminal and C-terminal propeptides from the procollagen molecule; self-assembly of the collagen molecules into fibrils; and cross-linking of fibrils. ) specific for type I and type I1 procollagen and a second isozyme specific for type I11 procollagen have been identified, whereas in the other post-translational reactions the same enzymes appear to process many different collagen types (for reviews on collagen post-translational processing, see Kivirikko & Myllyla 1982, 1984, 1985, Kivirikko & Kuivaniemi 1985).

But one has to qualify this statement; I don’t think it’s completely random. There are probably some regions that are more ‘open’-those surrounding actively transcribed genes-and other regions that are less accessible. I suspect that in DNA transfection experiments the transfected DNA probably goes to regions that are mostly open, with a chromatin configuration that is different from that of non-active genes. Miiller: So if you did this kind of transfection experiment with, for instance, red blood cells, instead of fibroblasts, would you expect a different pattern of expression?

It utilizes both collagen and elastin as substrates, the highest activity being found with reconstituted collagen fibrils and certain ordered molecular aggregates of elastin, whereas little or no activity is seen with monomeric collagen molecules, and none with intact procollagen (see Siegel 1979, Kuivaniemi et al 1984). Lysyl oxidase activity is low in cases of copper or pyridoxal deficiency, and is inhibited by at least four groups of compounds, including nitriles, ureides, hydrazides and hydrazines.

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