Catalyzing Inquiry at the Interface of Computing And Biology by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and

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By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, Committee on Frontiers at the Interface of Computing and Biology, Herbert S. Lin, John C. Wooley

Advances in laptop technology and know-how and in biology over the past numerous years have unfolded the chance for computing to assist solution primary questions in biology and for biology to assist with new techniques to computing. benefiting from the study possibilities on the interface of computing and biology calls for the lively participation of individuals from either fields. whereas earlier makes an attempt were made during this path, situations at the present time seem to be even more favorable for growth. to assist reap the benefits of those possibilities, this research was once asked of the NRC through the nationwide technological know-how beginning, the dep. of safeguard, the nationwide Institutes of future health, and the dep. of power. The file presents the foundation for constructing cross-disciplinary collaboration among biology and computing together with an research of strength impediments and techniques for overcoming them. The record additionally provides a wealth of examples that are supposed to inspire scholars within the organic sciences to seem for methods to permit them to be greater clients of computing of their reports.

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Computing and information technology enable human beings to acquire, store, process, and interpret enormous amounts of information, and continue to underpin much of modern society. Finally, several important areas of interaction between the two fields have already emerged, and there is every expectation that more will emerge in the future. Indeed, the belief of the committee that there are many more synergies at the interface between these two fields than have been exploited to date is the motivation for this report.

The reader should note that these examples have generally been selected to illustrate the breadth of the topic in question, rather than to identify the most important areas of activity. ” Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html 23 21ST CENTURY BIOLOGY 2 21st Century Biology Biology, like any science, changes when technology introduces new tools that extend the scope and type of inquiry. Some changes, such as the use of the microscope, are embraced quickly and easily, because they are consonant with existing values and practices.

7 On another scale of knowledge, it may be possible to trace the genetic variability in the world’s human populations to a common ancestral set of genes—to discover the origins of the earliest humans, while learning, along the way, about the earliest diseases that arose in humans, and about the biological forces that shape the world’s populations. Work toward all of these capabilities has already begun, as biologists and computer scientists compile and consider vast amounts of information about the genetic variability of humans and the role of that variability in relation to evolution, physiological functions, and the onset of disease.

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