By G. M. Howe (auth.), Dr. Peter Boyle, Dr. Calum S. Muir, Prof. Dr. Ekkehard Grundmann (eds.)
The previous decade has obvious the creation of many melanoma at lases. As with different options of descriptive epidemiology, those atlases have proved important in making a choice on components for additional re sear~h using the tools of analytical epidemiology. How ever, a number of the melanoma atlases produceq thus far have did not seasoned vide a typical structure of presentation, which has restricted their comparison and pissed off in a wide degree any try to evaluate dangers throughout nationwide barriers, limitations which by way of environmental exposures can have little that means. during this quantity, many gains of melanoma atlases are awarded and there are discussions at the parts the place strikes in the direction of standardization might significantly raise the application of the completed product. unlike topographic maps, i. e., representations of common and man-made gains at the floor of the earth, thematic maps be aware of exhibiting the geographical incidence and varia tion of a unmarried phenomenon - the "theme" of the map. The hyperlink among thematic and base mapping is very robust because the themat ic info to be depicted is of larger price if displayed on a correct base map. additional, the thematic map often makes use of statis tical facts that are usually on the topic of inner administrative limitations for enumeration. the main explanation for developing a thematic map is to find the spatial constitution of the subject of the map and to then relate the constitution to a couple elements of the less than mendacity environment.
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Additional resources for Cancer Mapping
The special role for data relating to cancer in assisting our understanding of the nature of the causes of cancer is well acknowledged. Fundamental in formulating the hypothesis that cancer is environmental in origin have been cancer occurrence data from different populations, from migrant groups and from special groups such as the Seventh Day Adventists and Mormons whose life-style distinguishes them from other members of the same community. as given rise to most hope for preventing cancer, the aim of every form of epidemiological study (Clemmesen 1965).
It is hoped that this practice will be universally adopted because it is not possible to maintain complete cancer registration without reference to the identity of persons with cancer. A variable number of latent cancers are discovered incidentally at postmortem examinations. Latent cancers of the thyroid (occult sclerosing type) and prostate are exceedingly common but their biological status is not settled and there are variations of opinion on their registrability as cancer. Potentially lethal cancers may also be discovered incidentally at necropsy.
Geografisch Instituut YUB, Brussels A vailability and Completeness of Cancer Registration Worldwide K. Shanmugaratnam Department of Pathology, National University Hospital, Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 0511, Republic of Singapore Data on cancer are available in all countries with records of pathology examinations, hospital admissions, and death certificates. However, the epidemiological patterns of cancer occurrence can be mapped only in countries in which all cancers occurring in well-defined populations are enumerated and characterized as completely as possible through systematic cancer registration.