Camera Traps in Animal Ecology: Methods and Analyses by Allan F. O’Connell, James D. Nichols, K. Ullas Karanth

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By Allan F. O’Connell, James D. Nichols, K. Ullas Karanth (auth.), Allan F. O’Connell Ph.D., James D. Nichols Ph.D., K. Ullas Karanth Ph.D. (eds.)

Remote images and infrared sensors are general within the sampling of natural world populations all over the world, in particular for cryptic or elusive species. Guiding the practitioner throughout the complete strategy of utilizing digital camera traps, this publication is the 1st to bring together state of the art sampling concepts for the aim of engaging in top quality technology or powerful administration. Chapters at the overview of kit, box sampling designs, and knowledge research equipment offer a coherent framework for making inferences concerning the abundance, species richness, and occupancy of sampled animals. the amount introduces new types that would revolutionize use of digital camera facts to estimate inhabitants density, akin to the newly constructed spatial capture–recapture types. it's also richly special case reports of digital camera seize paintings on the various world’s such a lot charismatic, elusive, and endangered flora and fauna species. Indispensible to natural world conservationists, ecologists, biologists, and conservation businesses around the globe, the textual content offers an intensive evaluation of the topic in addition to a forecast for using distant images in common source conservation over the following few decades.

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C. Servheen, L. Ambu, and A. Norhayati. 2005. Impacts of fruit production on Malayan sun bears and bearded pigs in lowland tropical forest of Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. Journal of Tropical Ecology 21:627–639 Yasuda, M. 2004. Monitoring diversity and abundance of mammals with camera traps: a case study on Mount Tsukuba, central Japan. Mammal Study 29:37–46 Yasuda, M. and K. Kawakame. 2002. New method of monitoring remote wildlife via the Internet. Ecological Research 17:119–124 Young, S. P. 1946.

Wildlife Society Bulletin 23:95–100 Fowler, C. H. and R. T. Golightly. 1993. Fisher and marten survey techniques on the Tahoe National Forest. Final Report. Agreement No. PSW-90-0034CA. Arcata, CA: Humboldt State University Foundation and U. S. Department of Agriculture, U. S. Forest Service. 119 pp Glen, A. S. and C. R. Dickman. 2003a. Effects of bait-station design on the uptake of baits by nontarget animals during control programs for foxes and wild dogs. Wildlife Research 30:147–149 Glen, A.

Different color options, such as camouflage, may be desirable if reduced visibility of the trap to wildlife or humans is desired. E. Swann et al. 2 Housing and external hardware options available for camera traps Feature Purpose Camouflage color Water proofing Lowers visibility of traps to animals and people Essential in rainy or humid environments to prevent equipment malfunction Reduces risk of vandalism and theft Smaller camera traps designed for nest boxes where little room is available Reduces noise produced by unit, such as by camera shutter click, so that animals are not alarmed Allows recording of sound of animal with images Reduces risk of damage by animals, vandalism and theft Reduces risk of damage by animals Allows >100 m connectivity of cameras with other hardware for viewing, power, or transmission Tree cables and locks Compact unit size Noiseless housing Sound recording Armoring of housing Armoring of connective cables Extra-length connective cables (for non-triggered systems) The most durable traps are made of sturdy metal and are larger and heavier, but if the units need to be carried for long distances it may be desirable to use traps that are smaller and are made of a lighter material such as plastic.

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