Caesar's Conquest of Gaul : The Illustrated by Bob Carruthers

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By Bob Carruthers

The Gallic Wars have been a chain of army campaigns waged by means of the Roman proconsul Julius Caesar opposed to numerous Gallic tribes. They lasted from fifty eight BC to 50 BC and culminated within the decisive conflict of Alesia in fifty two BC, within which an entire Roman victory led to the growth of the Roman Republic over the total of Gaul. The wars prepared the ground for Julius Caesar to develop into the only ruler of the Roman Republic.Although Caesar portrayed this invasion as being a preemptive and protecting motion, so much historians agree that the wars have been fought basically to spice up Caesar's political occupation and to repay his colossal bills. nonetheless, Gaul used to be of vital army value to the Romans, as those were attacked numerous instances via local tribes either indigenous to Gaul and additional to the north. Conquering Gaul allowed Rome to safe the common border of the river Rhine.The Gallic Wars are defined by way of Julius Caesar as himself during this ebook, which was once initially titled Commentarii de Bello Gallico, it's a pertinent and purely a little bit tendentious and altogether crucial old resource in regards to the clash. This up-to-date version includes the translated textual content and numerous illustrations depicting Roman struggle and key moments in Caesar's trip

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This place was distant from the enemy about 600 paces, as has been stated. Thither Ariovistus sent light troops, about 16,000 men in number, with all his cavalry; which forces were to intimidate our men, and hinder them in their fortification. Caesar nevertheless, as he had before arranged, ordered two lines to drive off the enemy: the third to execute the work. The camp being fortified, he left there two legions and a portion of the auxiliaries; and led back the other four legions into the larger camp.

He, himself, as soon as there began to be plenty of forage, came to the army. e. the Belgae], and inform him of these matters. These all uniformly reported that troops were being raised, and that an army was being collected in one place. Then, indeed, he thought that he ought not to hesitate about proceeding toward them, and having provided supplies, moves 60 his camp, and in about fifteen days arrives at the territories of the Belgae. 3. As he arrived there unexpectedly and sooner than any one anticipated, the Remi, who are the nearest of the Belgae to [Celtic] Gaul, sent to him Iccius and Antebrogius, [two of] the principal persons of the state, as their embassadors: to tell him that they surrendered themselves and all their possessions to the protection and disposal of the Roman people: and that they had neither combined with the rest of the Belgae, nor entered into any confederacy against the Roman people: and were prepared to give hostages, to obey his commands, to receive him into their towns, and to aid him with corn and other things; that all the rest of the Belgae were in arms; and that the Germans, who dwell on this side of the Rhine, had joined themselves to them; and that so great was the infatuation of them all, that they could not restrain even the Suessiones, their own brethren and kinsmen, who enjoy the same rights, and the, same laws, and who have one government and one magistracy [in common] with themselves, from uniting with them.

Caesar, having removed out of sight first his own horse, then those of all, that he might make the danger of a11 equal, and do away with the hope of flight, after encouraging his men, joined battle. His soldiers hurling their javelins from the higher ground, easily broke the enemy’s phalanx. That being dispersed, they made a charge on them with drawn swords. It was a great hinderance to the Gauls in fighting, that, when several of their 38 bucklers had been by one stroke of the (Roman) javelins pierced through and pinned fast together, as the point of the iron had bent itself, they could neither pluck it out, nor, with their left hand entangled, fight with sufficient ease; so that many, after having long tossed their arm about, chose rather to cast away the buckler from their hand, and to fight with their person unprotected.

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