By Mike Raco
In 2003, the Labour executive released its bold Sustainable groups Plan. It promised to result in a 'step swap' within the English making plans method and a brand new emphasis at the development of extra balanced, cohesive, and aggressive areas. This e-book makes use of old and modern fabrics to record the ways that policy-makers, in several eras, have sought to exploit country powers and rules to create larger, extra balanced, and sustainable groups and voters. It charts the alterations that experience happen in community-building coverage frameworks, position imaginations, and middle spatial coverage tasks within the united kingdom given that 1945. In so doing, it examines the tensions that experience emerged inside spatial coverage over the kinds of areas that are supposed to be created and the varieties of mobility and fixity required to create them. It additionally indicates that there are major classes that may be learnt from the studies of the previous.
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Extra resources for Building Sustainable Communities: Spatial policy and labour mobility in post-war Britain
In the field of spatial policy, for example, the process of creating balanced places is bound up with broader questions over exactly what types of fixity and mobility are required and how this can be best achieved. Planners and policy-makers have had to overcome the apparent paradox that in order to create relatively fixed, selfcontained communities and labour markets in particular places, specific types of mobility need to be actively promoted in a controlled and regulated way. This simultaneous embracing and rejection of mobility as a mechanism of change reflects some of the wider tensions within the discourses and practices of planning.
Their purpose is to draw on local resources, knowledge, and capacities in order to improve the quality of life in deprived places (see Mulgan, 1998; Cochrane, 1999). However, as Spirings and Allen (2005) argue, such policies promote forms of fixity that may paradoxically undermine the life chances of individuals living in such areas as they restrict: the residential mobility of poorer households and this exacerbates (rather than combats) their social exclusion because a key indicator of social inclusion is their ability to 38 Conceptualising sustainable communities take advantage of the social, cultural, and economic opportunities that so often exist ‘elsewhere’.
Marx’s chapter on ‘The working day’ in Capital (1974) graphically illustrates the relationships between workers (and their bodies), employment, and the capitalist system (see Braverman, 1977). As later chapters will show, during the first half of the 20th century embryonic welfare state systems in countries such as Britain were still based primarily on the relationships between work and citizenship. The evidence documents the close interrelationships between work, citizenship, and state strategies and the policy dilemmas 30 Conceptualising sustainable communities and challenges faced by post-war governments and their imaginations of what constitutes a ‘healthy’ labour market and the role of policy in bringing them to fruition.