Buddhism in Taiwan: Religion and the State, 1660-1990 by Charles Brewer Jones

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By Charles Brewer Jones

Examines the institutional and political background of chinese language Buddhism in Taiwan. The textual content seeks to make clear the ways that altering social situations have impacted Buddhist proposal and perform and it lines Buddhism's improvement at the island from Qing occasions via to the past due Nineteen Eighties. It seems to be specifically at a few major alterations that modernization had introduced: the decline in clerical ordinations; the expanding prominence of nuns in the monastic order; the improved function of the laity; changes within the contents of lay precepts; and the founding or huge, foreign organisations.

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Example text

At the same time, another Jinchuang missionary named Weng Wenfeng established another hall, also in Tainan. Other missionaries came; and the Jinchuang sect flourished primarily in the belt connecting Tainan, Kaohsiung, and Pingtung, although Jinchuang zhaitang were established in other parts of the island as well. The sect recruited most of its members from among the laboring, mercantile, and farming classes, establishing twenty-seven halls in all (1971 Gazetteer:82a b). The Xiantian Sect By all accounts, the Xiantian Sect was the strictest in observing a vegetarian diet, and it did not allow its members to marry (Zheng 1990:82).

His procedure was to beat a gong to attract an audience and raise a golden banner, which accounts for the name of the sect he founded. Enough people took refuge in his new teaching to worry the imperial court, and he was arrested. However, because of his niece's position, the court pardoned him in 1619. 2009 05:54:16] page_25 < previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 years later, leaving his sect in the care of his disciple and second patriarch Dong Yingliang (1582 1637) (1971 Gazetteer:81a b).

However, it was Shanhui's educational efforts that brought about the most lasting effect. After bringing back the Tripitaka *, he inaugurated a short course of lectures on the sutras and Buddhist doctrine, given by monks from both Japan and the mainland and attended by over forty people. " From this the reader may see why, when other Buddhists and the devotees of zhaijiao were scrambling for refuge after the Xilai Hermitage Incident of 1915 (to which we will come presently), Shanhui was in Tokyo receiving a gold medal from the Taisho* emperor.

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