Biocidal polymers by Narendra Pal Singh Chauhan

Posted by

By Narendra Pal Singh Chauhan

Biocidal polymers may be able to inhibit or kill microorganisms akin to micro organism, fungi and protozoans. the benefits of antimicrobial polymers over traditional antimicrobial brokers contain their non-volatility, chemical balance, non-toxicity (difficult to permeate during the dermis of animals), skill to delay product lifestyles, elevated potency and selectivity whereas minimising their environmental influence. at the moment, there's an pressing requirement to boost an artificial approach concerning other kinds of polymers whose efficiency opposed to particular microorganisms is followed by way of much less unsafe effects.

The major aim of this publication is to supply precise info at the synthesis, and mechanistic and technological features of artificial and ordinary antimicrobial polymers together with: cationic, amphiphilic, biomimetic, biodegradable chitin, chitosan, cellulose, pectin etc, besides their chemical amendment to supply polylactic acid- and polyethylene glycol-based copolymers, undertaking polymers, antimicrobial plastics and rubber, functionalised antimicrobial polymers, polymer-metal nanocomposites, N-halamine-based polymers, peptides and so forth. tools of synthesising antimicrobial polymers, chemical amendment, as well as components affecting their antimicrobial actions and significant fields of purposes are comprehensively defined. Physico-chemical equipment (nuclear magnetic resonance, Fourier-Transform infrared, confocal microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, atomic strength microscopy and scanning electron microscopy) are in particular vital within the examine of the constitution and different wanted homes of monomers and polymers. Antimicrobial screening utilizing diffusion and dilution equipment, opposed to a number of micro organism, fungi and protozoan, also are included.

This pioneering ebook is meant to be of normal curiosity to microbiologists, biotechnologists, doctors, natural chemists, pharmacists, polymer scientists, foodstuff scientists and technologists. This publication additionally bargains a balanced, fascinating and leading edge viewpoint that is acceptable to either teachers and industry.

Show description

Read Online or Download Biocidal polymers PDF

Similar polymers & textiles books

Composite Materials: Science and Applications

The purposes of composite fabrics remain of accelerating significance a result of industry’s desire for contemporary research and more desirable functionality. the 1st variation of Composite fabrics brought a brand new manner of taking a look at composite fabrics: masking composites based on their services.

Digital Printing of Textiles (Woodhead Publishing in Textiles)

At the present the cloth produces nearly all of its 34 billion sq. yards of published fabric textile via display printing. although as we stream into the electronic age advancements in electronic printing of paper are being tailored increasingly more for the cloth marketplace. Inkjet cloth printing is starting to be whereas development in analog fabric printing continues to be stagnant.

Resistance and Stability of Polymers

A polymeric material's resistance to diverse environmental or processing similar affects determines its suitability in any variety of purposes. trustworthy info and function predictions impression fabric choice. They take numerous impacts under consideration, between them resin manufacture, compounding, stabilization, processing, half layout and finish use.

Handbook of Commercial Catalysts : Heterogeneous Catalysts

Regardless of the advances in realizing the phenomena that happen on a catalyst floor, a lot of the profitable catalyst improvement and use is still part technological know-how and part paintings. The artwork is living within the sensible wisdom of specialists within the improvement and use of industrial catalysts-it comes with event.

Additional resources for Biocidal polymers

Sample text

Porter, X. S. Lee, B. H. Gellman, Nature, 2000, 404, 6778, 565. 55. A. Giangaspero, L. Sandri and A. Tossi, European Journal of Biochemistry, 2001, 268, 21, 5589. 56. C. H. L. M. Huang, FEBS Letters, 1988, 236, 2, 462. 57. T. Ikeda, S. Tazuke and Y. Suzuki, Macromolecular Chemistry, 1984, 185, 869. 58. J. Oh and G. Smets, Journal of Polymer Science, Part C: Polymer Letters, 1986, 24, 5, 229. 59. C. Yanisch-Perron, J. Vieira and J. Messing, Gene, 1985, 33, 1, 103. 60. E. Young, C. E. Reilly, Journal of Bacteriology, 1969, 98, 3, 1087.

33. K. W. L. Raivio, Journal of Bacteriology, 2011, 193, 13, 3367. 34. J. Fitzgerald, M. J. Gasson, J. Ueckert, A. Bos and A. Narbad, Journal of Applied Microbiology, 2004, 97, 1,104. 35. A. D. A. F. L. D. Isaac and S. Lin, Current Microbiology, 2012, 65, 5, 488. 36. K. J. Silhavy, Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, 2002, 99, 4, 2287. 37. S. B. Feix, Methods in Cell Biology, 2008, 84, 617. 38. A. Brogden, Nature Reviews Microbiology, 2005, 3, 3, 238. 39. M. Teuber and J. Bader, Archives of Microbiology, 1976, 109, 1−2, 51.

Antimicrobial cationic peptides, including magainins, defensins, cecropins, melittin and thionins, have been found in a variety of sources, such as amphibians, mammals, insects, plants and bacteria [52]. These cationic peptides, and many others, exhibit potent activities against a rather broad spectrum of microbial organisms, including Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, fungi and enveloped viruses [53]. Based on their secondary structure, cationic peptides can be categorised into four major groups, including α-sheet structures stabilised by 2–3 disulfide bridges, R-helices, extended structures with a predominance of one or more amino acids and loop structures containing only one disulfide bridge.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.82 of 5 – based on 49 votes