Biochemical engineering: A textbook for engineers, chemists, by Katoh S., Yoshida F.

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By Katoh S., Yoshida F.

Written through popular professors drawing on their adventure won within the world's so much leading edge biotechnology marketplace, Japan, this complex textbook presents an outstanding and entire creation to the most recent advancements within the box. It offers an array of questions & solutions and lines various utilized examples, extending to commercial purposes with chapters on clinical units and downstream operations in bioprocesses.Useful for college students learning the basics of biochemical engineering, in addition to for chemical engineers already operating during this very important and increasing box.

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Extra info for Biochemical engineering: A textbook for engineers, chemists, and biologists

Example text

Dðinactivated formÞ where kd is the inactivation rate constant, and the rate of decrease in the concentration CN of the active form is given by À dCN ¼ kd CN dt ð3:16Þ Upon integration, ln CN ¼ Àkd t CN0 ð3:17Þ Plots of the natural logarithm of the fractional remaining activity ln(CN/CN0) against incubation time at several temperatures should give straight lines. The time at which the activity becomes one-half of the initial value is called the half-life, t1/2. The relationship between kd and t1/2 is given by kd ¼ ln 2 t1=2 ð3:18Þ An enzyme with a higher inactivation constant loses its activity in a shorter time.

These materials are generally produced via complicated metabolic pathways of the microorganisms and cells, and achieved by complicated parallel and serial enzyme reactions that are accompanied by physical processes, such as those described in Chapter 2. At this point it is not appropriate to follow such mechanisms of cell growth only from the viewpoints of individual enzyme kinetics, such as discussed in Chapter 3. Rather, in practice, we can assume some simplified mechanisms, and consequently a variety of models of kinetics of cell growth have been developed based on such assumptions.

Enzyme-catalyzed hydrolysis and isomerization reactions are examples of this type of reaction mechanism. In this case, the kinetics can be analyzed by the following two different approaches, which lead to similar expressions. 1 Kinetics of Enzyme Reaction Michaelis–Menten Approach [2] In enzyme reactions, the total molar concentration of the free and combined enzyme, CE0 (kmol mÀ3), should be constant; that is: CE0 ¼ CE þ CEA ð3:23Þ where CE (kmol mÀ3) and CEA (kmol mÀ3) are the concentrations of the free enzyme and the enzyme–substrate complex, respectively.

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