By OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Develop
Every year, 740 000 humans die due to armed violence. It more and more exploits a hyperlink among clash and crime and undermines our probabilities of attaining the Millennium improvement targets. This ebook can assist relief donors - either coverage advisors and programme employees - to rework solid phrases into sturdy programmes which may finally support decrease armed violence globally. desk of content material : government precis advent bankruptcy 1. what's Armed Violence? bankruptcy 2. Armed Violence traits and Programming Gaps bankruptcy three. Armed Violence relief (AVR) and Prevention and the Armed Violence Lens bankruptcy four. exams: utilizing the Armed Violence Lens bankruptcy five. Programming Implications and methods Annex A. AVR and different OECD-DAC Priorities Annex B. Examples of nearby tools for AVR Annex C. extra Examples of oblique Programming Bibliography
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Extra info for Armed Violence Reduction: Enabling Development (Conflict and Fragility)
This estimate includes: over USD 49 billion in military expenditures and economic losses, another USD 10 billion in post-conflict effects, and roughly USD 5 billion in healthcare costs. Estimate includes health sector costs, institutional costs, private security expenditures, impacts on the investment climate, and material losses. ARMED VIOLENCE REDUCTION: ENABLING DEVELOPMENT – ISBN 978-92-64-06015-9 – © OECD 2009 30 – 1. WHAT IS ARMED VIOLENCE? 1. Armed violence obstructs attainment of the MDGs Millennium Development Goal Armed violence effects Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Loss of livelihoods; unemployment; displacement; malnutrition; changes in household composition; increased number of female-headed households; disruptions in service/welfare provision, internal trade and markets; reduction in access to food and fee-based health and education services (especially by girls).
Routine state violence involving unlawful or disproportionately violent law enforcement, elimination of political rivals and supporters, torture, and support to human-rights-abusing “civilian defence” militias. • Economic and crime-related violence such as armed robbery, extortion, kidnapping, control over markets, human, drug and arms trafficking, domestic and sexual violence, youth gang-related violence. • Community and informal justice and policing violence, such as lynching, vigilante action, mob justice, youth gang enforcement and turf battles and civilian defence organisation activities.
1 This section considers a range of lessons learned and programming experiences that have shaped the AVR approach. It then introduces the armed violence lens, which can help development actors to better identify drivers, risk factors and the effects of armed violence, and identify strategic entry points for intervention. 1 Lessons learned that are shaping AVR A wide assortment of post-conflict recovery and peacebuilding, development and security promotion experiences are generating critical insights that are shaping the AVR approach.