Ancient Rome: From Romulus and Remus to the Visigoth by Kathleen Kuiper

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By Kathleen Kuiper

Echoes of historic Roman suggestions of governance, legislations, and society nonetheless ring through the international at the present time. A stranger to neither battle nor wealth, historical Rome used to be formed as a lot via strife because it was once via prosperity. the growth of the Roman Empire used to be buoyed via this cultures tendency to include traditions of its newly assimilated peoples, making Rome a cradle of unending and enduring probabilities. The heritage of a very good empire is stated during this sweeping quantity.

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Extra resources for Ancient Rome: From Romulus and Remus to the Visigoth Invasion (The Britannica Guide to Ancient Civilizations)

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Immediately after the fall of the Roman monarchy, amid Porsenna’s conquest of Rome, his defeat by the Latins, and his subsequent withdrawal, the plain of Latium began to be threatened by surrounding hill tribes (Sabines, Aequians, and Volscians), who experienced overpopulation and tried to acquire more land. Thus Rome’s external affairs during the fifth century largely revolved around its military assistance to the Latin League to hold back these invaders. Many details in Livy’s account of this fighting are, however, unreliable.

This victory, by giving the Romans undisputed command of the sea, rendered certain the ultimate fall of the Punic strongholds in Sicily. The Carthaginians accordingly opened negotiations and consented to a peace by which they ceded Sicily and the Lipari Islands to Rome and paid an indemnity of 3,200 talents. The protracted nature of the war and the repeated loss of ships resulted in an enormous loss of life and resources on both sides. Between the First and Second Punic Wars (241–218 BC) The loss of naval supremacy not only deprived the Carthaginians of their predominance in the western Mediterranean but exposed their overseas empire to disintegration under renewed attacks by Rome.

On the basis of existing evidence, one cannot say whether the law code resulted from any social or economic causes. Rome was a growing city and may simply have been in need of a systematic body of law. secession is clearly fictitious. Many scholars regard the first one as a later annalistic invention as well, accepting only the last one as historical. Although the first secession is explained in terms resembling the conditions of the later Gracchan agrarian crisis (see The Reform Movement of the Gracchi [133–121 BC] on page 78), given the harshness of early Roman debt laws and food shortages recorded by the sources for 492 and 488 BC (information likely to be preserved in contemporary religious records), social and economic unrest could have contributed to the creation of the office.

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