By Marshall Cavendish Reference
Old Rome tracks the development from the mythical founding of Rome via Romulus in 753 BCE, to the heights of the Roman Empire round 117 CE, and directly to the dying of Theodosius (the final guy to rule over a unified Roman Empire) in 395 CE.
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Extra resources for Ancient Rome: An Illustrated History
Without the protection of office, Gaius was vulnerable to attack. The death gave the optimates a pretext to have the senate declare a state of emergency. The consul Lucius Opimius assembled a vigilante patrol that attacked Gaius and his guards on the Aventine Hill, where they had taken refuge. Determined not to fall into the hands of his enemies, Gaius ordered his own slave to stab him to death. Some 3,000 of Gaius’s followers were subsequently indicted and executed. For the moment, the senate had triumphed, but it was a hollow victory.
In 200 BCE, a Roman force of around 30,000 men was sent to Apollonia in Illyria, north of Macedon. In 197 BCE, the Romans confronted Philip’s forces at the Battle of Cynoscephalae. Philip was defeated, and under the terms of the peace treaty, he was forced to give up all of his possessions outside of Macedon and pay a massive sum of money to Rome. As a result of this treaty, Rome now dominated almost the entire Mediterranean region. The Third Macedonian War broke out when Perseus, the ambitious son and successor of Philip V, incensed the Roman senate by entering into treaties with neighboring city-states.
THE PUNIC WARS techniques. To do so, they used wooden boarding platforms with a spike at the end to hold the enemy ship in place. The warships of that time had a long projecting beam, called a rostrum (beak), at the bow, which was used for ramming and sinking enemy ships. Ramming was the usual method of naval warfare; boarding an enemy ship was not considered important, so when the Carthaginians closed in on the Roman vessels, they were astonished to see the Romans lower boarding bridges to connect with their ships.