By Martin P Yurawecz
Content material: [v.1] The early years -- organic actions -- instruction of unlabeled and isotope-labeled conjugated linoleic and similar fatty acid isomers -- advertisement construction -- Oxidation -- Methylation tactics -- Separation of conjugated fatty acid isomers -- fuel chromatography/(Electron effect) mass spectrometry research of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) utilizing diverse derivatization innovations -- identity of CLA isomers in foodstuff and organic extracts by means of mass spectrometry -- affirmation of conjugated linoleic acid geometric isomers by way of capillary gasoline chromatography-Fourier remodel infrared spectroscopy -- Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic research -- identity and quantification of conjugated linoleic acid isomers in fatty acid combinations by way of ¹³C NMR spectroscopy -- Biosynthesis of conjugated linoleic acid and its incorporation into meat and milk in ruminants -- Endogenous synthesis of rumenic acid -- impression of ionophores -- Species-dependent, sesonal, and nutritional edition -- nutritional keep an eye on of immune-induced cachexia -- Incorporation of conjugated fatty acid into organic matrices -- Bone metabolism -- danger of breast melanoma -- CLA in lipids of fish tissues -- CLA in human milk -- Lipid metabolism with regards to its anticarcinogenic job -- Conjugated linoleic acid metabolites in rats -- impact of conjugated linoleic acid on polyunsaturated fatty acid metabolism and immune functionality -- law of stearoyl-CoA desaturase through conjugated linoleic acid -- changing physique composition -- Feeding CLA to pigs: results on feed conversion, carcass composition, meat caliber, and palatability -- nutritional assets and intakes of conjugated linoleic acid consumption in people -- Formation, contents, and estimation of day-by-day consumption of conjugated linoleic acid isomers and trans-fatty acids in meals -- Experimental atherosclerosis in rabbits -- Modulation of diabetes through CLA -- Conjugated linoleic acid as a nutraceutical: 15 years of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid examine -- melanoma inhibition in animals -- consumption of dairy items and breast melanoma hazard -- v. 2
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Content material: Preface, web page ixIntroduction, Pages xi-xii1 - thought of isotope separation in counter-current columns: evaluation, Pages 1-402 - Hydrogen isotope separation through rectification, Pages 41-713 - Hydrogen isotope separation by means of chemical isotope alternate strategy in gas-liquid structures, Pages 73-1744 - Isotope separation in platforms with gasoline and sturdy stages, Pages 175-2155 - Carbon isotope separation, Pages 217-2456 - Nitrogen isotope separation, Pages 247-2747 - Oxygen isotope separation, Pages 275-297Subject index, Pages 299-303
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Extra info for Advances in Conjugated Linoleic Acid Research, Volume 2
35, 387–408. 64. , and Richli, U. (1991) Location of Double Bonds in Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry After 4,4,-Dimethyloxazoline Derivatization, J. Chromatogr. 541, 89–98. 65. H. (1989) Location of Double Bonds in Fatty Acids of Fish Oil and Rat Testis Lipids. Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry of the Oxazoline Derivatives, Lipids 24, 7983. 66. Zhang, J. H. (1988) Chemical Modification in Mass Spectrometry IV—2-Alkenyl-4,4-dimethyloxazolines as Derivatives for the Double Bond Location of Long-Chain Olefinic Acids, Biomed.
The liver lipids were extracted, converted to FAME, and a 20:4 fraction was isolated by RP-HPLC. The 20:4 fraction was subfractionated by Ag-TLC before hydrazine reduction and analysis of the resulting monoenes (as dimethyl-oxazoline derivatives) by GC-MS. The two 20:4 isomers were tentatively identified as 5c,8c,11c,13t- and 5c,8c,12t,14c-20:4. Ag-HPLC was also used for this analysis (see Copyright 2003 by AOCS Press. All rights reserved. Fig. 1. Argentation thin- layer chromatography plate of a L-P-P/P-L-P regioisomeric mixture obtained by interesterification (left lane); total milk fat triacylglycerols (TAG; middle lane) and CLA-P-P obtained from the reaction of 1,2-dipalmitin with CLA (right lane).
And Molkentin, J. (1999) Analysis and Seasonal Variation of Conjugated Linoleic Acid and Further cis-/trans-isomers of C18:1 and C18:2 in bovine milk fat, Kiel. Milchwirtsch. Forschungsber. 51, 63–78. 13. , and Ku, Y. (2000) Gas Chromatography-High Resolution Selected-Ion Mass Spectrometric Identification of Trace 21:0 and 20:2 Fatty Acids Eluting with Conjugated Linoleic Acid Isomers, Lipids 35, 797–802. 14. , and Ku, Y. ) pp. 141–151, AOCS Press, Champaign, IL. 15. , and Caswell. C. (1999) Analysis of Conjugated Linoleic Acid Isomers by 13C NMR Spectroscopy, Chem.