A Treatise on Efficacy: Between Western and Chinese Thinking by François Jullien

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By François Jullien

Trans. through Janet Lloyd

In this hugely insightful research of Western and chinese language recommendations of efficacy, François Jullien subtly delves into the metaphysical preconceptions of the 2 civilizations to account for diverging styles of motion in struggle, politics, and international relations. He exhibits how Western and chinese language innovations paintings in different domain names (the battlefield, for instance) and analyzes ensuing acts of conflict. The chinese language strategist manipulates his personal troops and the enemy to win a conflict with out waging conflict and to lead to victory without problems. Efficacity in China is hence conceived of when it comes to transformation (as against motion) and manipulation, making it toward what's understood as efficacy within the West.

Jullien’s really good interpretations of an array of recondite texts are key to figuring out our personal conceptions of motion, time, and fact during this foray into the realm of chinese language idea. In its transparent and penetrating characterization of 2 contrasting perspectives of fact from a heretofore unexplored viewpoint, A Treatise on Efficacy could be of relevant significance within the highbrow debate among East and West.

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Extra resources for A Treatise on Efficacy: Between Western and Chinese Thinking

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For it is definitely that potential that "separates" "profit" from "harm," since it Relying on the Propensity o(Things • 27 is the factor that, through its "authority," influences how the situation will evolve! " In diplomacy, just as in military strategy, there is a strategic configuration, and the objective conditioning that it produces is just as determining. 4 Now let us consider this potential in a situation within the framework of social and political organization. It takes the form of a position of strength Ishi) that confers authority, while the gradient that produces an effect (for instance, stones rolling down a hill) corresponds to the difference in hierarchical positions.

4. On which side are orders obeyed more punctili­ ously? 5. Which side is the better armed? 6. Which side has the better-trained officers and men? 7. ). " From this antag­ onistic situation, as evaluated by that series �o( questions, by viewing it from every possible angle, he wiJl'discover a particular potential and will only need to exploit it. This passage, moving from an assessment of the forces in confrontation to the potential that can be deduced from that assessment, is of central importance.

The formula in which this notion is ex­ pressed in this treatise on diplomacy is as decisive as those used in the treatises on the military art: "To manage things, you must establish the potential of the situation" (chap. 5, "Fei qian"). And, as we have seen, in order to es­ tablish that, you need first to evaluate the situation as pre­ cisely as possible. ) It is the po­ tential of the situation, which has gathered force as things have evolved, that will, in the clearest fashion, result in your acquiring maximum control rather than being de­ feated (chap.

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